thẻ epass

The electronic passport (ePass) was introduced in Germany on 1 November 2005. A contactless chip (radio frequency chip) is integrated into the passport cover. This contains the personal data from the passport and the biometric facial image; since 1 November 2007 it has also included two fingerprints of the passport holder. This means that it meets all the European Union requirements for passports.

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A Reisepass (Opens new window)">new version of the passport has been issued since 1 March 2017, which updates the passport and its physical security features. Furthermore, the RF chip is now located in the data card; similar to tướng the new identity thẻ, this is now made of polycarbonate. The RF chip itself and the data stored on it have not changed from the 2nd generation of electronic passports (ePass) in 2007.

Elektronischer Reisepass einmal geschlossen, einmal offen mit Hinweisen auf die unterschiedlichen Elemente yên lặng Pass wie dem Sysmbol des elektronischen Reisepasses und dem CPU sowie der Zugangsnummer.
Der elektronische Reisepass Source: Bundesministerium des Innern

Data protection

The data on the passport is not stored centrally. The registry office stores the same data in its passport registers as it did prior to tướng the introduction of the electronic passport. The fingerprints are stored exclusively on the RF chip and briefly during the passport production. As soon as the passport is collected by the holder from the registry office, the fingerprint data required for recognition and production are deleted. This is stipulated in Section 16 of the Passport Act.

Various security mechanisms have been developed to tướng protect the data on the RF chip against unauthorised reading.

Advantages of the electronic passport

The digitally stored facial image on the RF chip is higher quality kêu ca the printed image, as it is not distorted by the structure of the passport thẻ (due to tướng printing authenticity features). The digital image and the stored fingerprints are therefore suitable for establishing whether the person and the passport really match. You can find out more about the scope of this in the "Biometrics" section.

In addition, the security mechanisms of the RF chip offer the option to tướng quickly detect forgeries or falsifications of the electronic passport. For more information, see "Passive authentication" ...

Contents of the electronic passport

The electronic passport has 32 or 48 pages. The first page is the data thẻ. The passport contains the following personal data:

  • Last name* and birth name, if applicable*
  • first names*
  • doctoral degree*
  • date* and place* of birth
  • sex*
  • height
  • eye colour
  • place of residence
  • nationality*

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The data marked * is contained on the data card; all other data is shown on the following page. In addition, the type of document (e.g. "PD" for diplomatic passport), country code, date of issue and expiry, passport number, issuing authority and the signature of the holder are printed on the data thẻ.

In the lower section of the data thẻ there is also a machine readable zone (MRZ), which can be read by optical character recognition.

It contains the document type, the abbreviation "D" for Federal Republic of Germany, the last name, the first name(s), the serial number of the passport, nationality, date of birth, sex, expiry date and kiểm tra digits.

The legally prescribed passport model is shown here.

In addition to tướng the data listed above, the RF chip also contains two fingerprints captured at the time of application. You can find more information on the capture of fingerprints and the requirements for the photograph in the Biometrics section.

Validity period

According to tướng the Section 5 of the Passport Act, the period of validity of the passport is ten years; for persons under 25 years it is 6 years.

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